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Anxiety and Depression in Adolescents

Being an adolescent can be tricky. Adolescents experience profound changes in their body, in how they think, their relationships with others and in their mood (Jaffee et al., 2002). In fact the World Health Organisation suggests that between 10-20% of children and adolescents experience challenges with their mental health (World Health Organisation, 2017). Studies show that around 50% of all mental health disorders are apparent by the age of 14 and 75% by the age of 18 (Kessler et al., 2007; Kim-Cohen et al., 2003).

Anxiety and depression are the most common mental health issue for adolescents (Mental Health Foundation, 2018). Poor mental health can impact on education outcomes, work and social relationships, and can increase the risk of alcohol and drug use and suicide (Copeland, Angold, Shanahan & Costello, 2014; Gore et al., 2011; Hetrick, Cox, Witt, Bir 7 Merry, 2016).

If a young person is assessed and treated for a mental health issue early it can often have a significant positive impact on their life trajectory. For example, research suggests that the effective treatment of depression in teenagers may help to decrease the likelihood of relapse later in life (Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study, 2009).

It is important for adolescents to receive treatment for mental health issues with a clinician with whom they feel comfortable. At Net Psychology Jen tailors her approach to ensure she delivers services in a manner that meets the developmental, situational and social needs of each client. She uses Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) as it is an effective psychological treatment for a range of mental disorders in adolescents (Australian Psychological society, 2018).


If you would like to learn more about the services available at Net Psychology phone 0434 909 974 or email info@netpsychology.com.au.


References

Australian Psychological Society (2018). Evidence-Based Psychological Interventions in the Treatment of Mental Disorders. A Review pf the Literature. Fourth Edition. Retrieved from: 19.10.20. Link: https://www.psychology.org.au/getmedia/23c6a11b-2600-4e19-9a1d-6ff9c2f26fae/Evidence-based-psych-interventions.pdf

Copeland, W. E., Angold, A., Shanahan, L., & Costello, E. J. (2014). Longitudinal patterns of anxiety from childhood to adulthood: The great smoky mountains study. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 53(1), 21–33.

Hetrick, S. E., Cox, G. R., Witt, K. G., Bir, J. J., & Merry, S. N. (2016). Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), third-wave CBT and interpersonal therapy (IPT) based interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (Online), 9, 8.

Gore, F. M., Bloem, P. J., Patton, G. C., Ferguson, J., Jospeh, V., Coffey, C., … Mathers, C. D. (2011). Global burden of disease in young people aged 10–24 years: A systematic analysis. Lancet, 377, 2093–2102.

Jaffe, S.R., Moffitt, T.E., Caspi, A., Fombonne, E., Poulton, R., & Martin, J. (2002). Differences in Early Childhood Risk Factors for Juvenile-Onset and Adult-Onset Depression. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59, 215-222.

Kessler, R. C., Amminger, G. P., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S., Alonso, J., Lee, S., & Üstün, T. B. (2007). Age of onset of mental disorders: A review of recent literature. Current Opinion in Psychiatry.

Kim-Cohen, J., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Harrington, H., Milne, B. J., & Poulton, R. (2003). Prior juvenile diagnoses in adults with mental disorder developmental follow-back of a prospective-longitudinal cohort. Archives of General Psychiatry, 60(7), 709–717.0.1109/CCECE.2006.277836

Rice, Simon (2012). The treatment of depression in young people. InPsych. 34. Retrieved from: https://www.psychology.org.au/for-members/publications/inpsych/2012/feb/03-The-treatment-of-depression-in-young-people

Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study. (2009). The Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS): Outcomes over 1 year of naturalistic follow-up. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166, 1141-1149.